Prostatitis in men

normal prostate and diseased prostate

Prostatitis- a common disease in men of reproductive and elderly age.

What is prostatitis? This is an inflammation of the prostate gland in men, this organ is also called the prostate. The prostate gland is located near the bladder neck and is an important part of the male reproductive system. Inflammation of the prostate causes its enlargement, as a result of which the urinary tract is compressed and the process of emptying the bladder becomes difficult and other unpleasant symptoms appear. Therefore, in case of inflammation of the prostate gland, it is not recommended to be inactive.

Symptoms and signs of prostatitis

Usually, men pay due attention to the manifestations of prostatitis quite late. The clinical picture for each case is individual, even if we are talking about one form of the disease. However, the first symptoms of prostatitis in men are approximately the same:

  • Difficulty urinating. . . The urethra, which is compressed under the inflamed prostate, does not pass urine well. A feeling of incomplete emptying and a constant urge to urinate are also the first signs of prostatitis in men, and its symptoms will worsen in the future.
  • Sexual disorders. . . These unpleasant signs of inflammation of the prostate appear in men mainly as a violation of the mechanism of erection and a weakening of orgasm. Also, symptoms of prostate inflammation include premature ejaculation.
  • Ache. . . Among the signs of inflammation of the prostate gland in men is pain when urinating and ejaculating, a characteristic symptom is also constant aching pain in the lower back.
  • Nervous tension. . . Symptoms of inflammation of the prostate gland include increased nervousness in a man, as an enlarged prostate causes some discomfort.

Causes of prostatitis

Inflammation of the prostate gland occurs for a variety of reasons:

  • Poor blood circulation. . . Blood circulation can be impaired due to physical inactivity (sedentary and sedentary lifestyle) - this is a very common cause of prostate inflammation in men. In addition, the cause of a violation of the blood supply to the organs is a heavy weight, trauma to the small pelvis, constant hypothermia.
  • Infection. . . Infectious diseases also often cause prostatitis. The prostate gland is easily infected due to venereal and urological diseases, inflammatory processes in the rectum and complications after infectious disorders (tonsillitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis).
  • Immune failure. . . The weakening of the protective functions of the body due to past diseases, stress, etc. It often becomes the cause of prostatitis in men or the aggravation of an existing disease.

Types of prostatitis

Acute prostatitis develops rapidly with the rapid onset of characteristic symptoms. Chronic prostatitis often manifests itself with a gradual and almost imperceptible development of symptoms, typical of men over the age of 55.

In addition, prostatitis is classified by origin:

  • Bacterial.Most often it occurs at a young age, but among other types of the disease, such cases are only 5-10%. Usually, acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis occurs due to the body's vulnerability to pathogenic flora.
  • Contagious. . . Infectious prostatitis occurs not only due to bacteria, but also due to fungi, protozoa, which distinguish it from the bacterial variety. This type of disease can also manifest itself in chronic and acute forms. One of its characteristic varieties is chlamydial prostatitis.
  • Purulent. . . Purulent prostatitis is one of the most severe types of infections, with purulent discharge and hyperthermia of the body. The course of the disease is acute, with the appearance of new symptoms at each stage.
  • Calculation. . . Calcareous prostatitis is a consequence of a chronic protracted form and is mainly observed in older men. This form of the disease is characterized by the appearance of stones in the prostate.
  • Stagnant. . . Non-bacterial prostatitis, which is caused by an insufficient blood supply to the tissues of the pelvic organs. Congestive prostatitis, as it is also called, is usually chronic. Of all the types, congestive prostatitis is the most common.

Why is prostatitis dangerous?

In any man, prostatitis without timely treatment quickly becomes chronic and has serious consequences for reproductive health and the general condition of the body. The most common complications of prostatitis include:

  • Vesiculitis. . . Inflammation of the seminal vesicles is the first thing that chronic prostatitis is dangerous for men. Vesiculitis can occur without any symptoms or manifest with pain when urinating, after intercourse, as well as the appearance of pus and blood in the semen.
  • Posterior urethritis and colliculitis. . . The danger of prostatitis lies in the development of posterior urethritis and concomitant colliculitis. Colliculitis is inflammation of the seminal tubercle that allows sperm to pass through. One of the symptoms of colliculitis is blood in the semen.
  • Diseases of the prostate. . . The consequences of prostatitis in men can be other more serious diseases of the prostate: abscess, sclerosis, cysts and stones, adenoma, cancer. Such complications are treated much more difficult and longer than prostatitis, and the consequences of some of them are irreversible.
  • Sexual dysfunction. . . The consequences of advanced prostate inflammation can be problems in the genital area, including erectile dysfunction. Although impotence resulting from prostatitis can be cured, it is often irreversible.
  • Infertility. . . Since the reproductive system of the male body with prostate inflammation does not perform its functions well, infertility usually becomes a consequence of chronic prostatitis. It all starts with a deterioration in the quality of sperm and the patency of the vas deferens.

Prostatitis diagnostics

Diagnosis of prostatitis in men begins in the first minutes by appointment with the doctor, since the patient's complaints are an important part of it. In addition, to identify the disease and its features, other types of diagnostics are used:

  • Medical examination. . . During the medical examination, a rectal-digital examination is used, which is performed through the anus and allows you to identify the size, shape, condition of the surface and other characteristics of the prostate gland. Since it is extremely simple to diagnose prostatitis in this way, this is actually the first and foremost method of confirming the diagnosis.
  • Laboratory research. . . Tests for prostatitis in men are used to study blood, urine, semen, and the study of prostatic secretions. One of the most effective methods is urinalysis for prostatitis (general, bacteriological, cytological). Also, with prostatitis, a general blood test is prescribed. In each case, the doctor determines which tests are performed for prostatitis and whether more in-depth research methods are needed.
  • Non-invasive methods. . . These are ultrasound, X-ray diagnostics and MRI.

Treatment of prostatitis

Self-medication for prostatitis is strongly discouraged. If a man doesn't know which doctor treats prostatitis, you can ask your therapist. But usually all patients know that a urologist specializes in the treatment of prostatitis in men. It is also permissible to contact a therapist or surgeon, but only for the initial appointment.

Many patients face a natural question: is it possible to cure prostatitis? It all depends on the form of the disease. But in any case, the diagnosis and treatment of inflammation of the prostate gland in men is necessary at the first warning signs, as chronic prostatitis will take more time and financial costs. Modern methods of treating prostatitis allow you to cope with any form and stage of the disease with minimal consequences for the body.

How long does the treatment of prostatitis last?

The amount of prostatitis treated and whether it can be cured without consequences depends on the complexity of the particular case. The sooner a man turns to a specialist, the greater the chances of effective prostatitis treatment. The duration of treatment for prostatitis can vary from 1 to 6 months, depending on the form of the disease. It is worth considering the time spent on diagnosis, which will also affect the duration of prostatitis treatment.

How and what to treat

There is no single treatment regimen for prostatitis, as this disease is very diverse and requires an individual approach. But regardless of the form, the following methods of prostatitis treatment are used:

  • Pharmacological therapy. . . Antibiotics are used to treat both chronic and acute prostatitis. This is a mandatory and essential part of the treatment of all types of prostate inflammation. In the acute course of the disease, the use of analgesics is allowed, since it usually takes a long time to treat prostatitis.
  • Physiotherapy. . . The treatment regimen for prostatitis certainly includes physiotherapy as a method of light massage of the prostate gland. In addition, herbal enemas and other procedures may be prescribed.
  • Diet. . . Since it is difficult to cure chronic prostatitis or its acute form with an unhealthy intestine, a diet or dietary adjustment is prescribed.
  • Phisical exercises. . . This method of treating prostatitis is necessary to improve blood circulation in internal organs.

Prevention of prostatitis

To avoid prostatitis, both after a previous illness, and in the absence of such an experience, you will need to follow simple tips:

  • Stable sex life. . . Sex life with a healthy partner will avoid not only sexually transmitted diseases, after which prostatitis often occurs, but also its stagnant form.
  • Refusal of bad habits. . . An unhealthy lifestyle reduces the body's defenses, so it is best to avoid smoking, alcohol and unhealthy foods.
  • Sports activities. . . Exercise keeps the body in good shape and improves blood flow to the prostate gland, reducing the risk of prostatitis.
  • Prostate massage. . . This is a secondary prevention measure of prostatitis in men for those who have already had the disease.
  • Preparations for prophylaxis. . . These are vitamin complexes that will help both avoid prostatitis and strengthen the immune system. Used as directed by a physician.

Prostatitis and Conceiving a Child

Whether it is possible to get pregnant with chronic prostatitis in a husband is a question that worries many families. It must be understood that the prostate is responsible for many of the most important functions associated with conception, therefore, prostatitis increases the likelihood of male infertility. The presence of infections and inflammation in the prostate affects the quality of the ejaculate, and although it is possible to conceive a child with prostatitis, the chances of success are reduced.

Prostatitis and infertility are closely related, as pregnancy after intercourse may not occur with blockage of the vas deferens. The presence of purulent and bloody discharge in male sperm with prostatitis significantly alters its quality and reduces the likelihood of conception.

With prostatitis, you can conceive a child, but for the best result, you must first cure the disease and prevent possible infertility. Only after a man has cured his prostatitis is it time to think about planning a pregnancy. For the treatment of prostatitis and planning for childbirth, it is better to turn to specialized centers that will certainly help to solve all problems.